As one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide, glaucoma is a progressive disease that diminishes the capacity of the optic nerve to transmit visual information to the brain. When left untreated or uncontrolled, it results in a gradual and irreversible loss of vision. Although peripheral vision is initially impaired, a decrease in central vision and an eventual complete loss of sight will follow.
Because many types of glaucoma develop without any pain or symptoms, an individual who has not had routine eye care may be completely unaware that they have glaucoma until significant damage to their vision occurs.
At South Florida Eye Health, we want every patient to experience optimal eye health. As part of a comprehensive examination, we assess intraocular pressure, examine the optic nerve, and check optic nerve function. We’ll also evaluate a person’s peripheral vision to determine if any blind spots have developed. Depending on findings, we may recommend further testing to gather additional information relevant to glaucoma diagnosis and care.
Although there is no cure for glaucoma just yet, we offer skilled care to help patients manage the disease and preserve their vision. Treatment varies depending on the severity of the condition— with most current therapies targeting the reduction of intraocular pressure. Care may include eye drops, pills, and advanced laser or surgical procedures to slow down the progression of the disease and prevent further damage.
Our glaucoma surgeons specialize in and regularly implant Baerveldt and Ahmed tube implants in patients with difficult to control glaucoma. This surgery is usually reserved for patients in whom other treatments have been unsuccessful.
Selective laser trabeculoplasty is used to reduce eye pressure in patients with open angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension. This is commonly performed as an in-office procedure which takes less than 5 minutes with very few side effects.
Laser Peripheral Iridotomy is used to treat closed and narrow angle glaucoma. This is commonly performed as an outpatient procedure.
Representing the latest approach to surgical intervention, MIGS, or minimally invasive glaucoma surgery, is performed to lower eye pressure while helping to prevent or reduce damage to the optic nerve. While the goal is the same as standard glaucoma surgeries, MIGS procedures use microscopic instruments and tiny incisions to provide precision care and reduce post-op complications.